# The Nature of Inductance and How It Relates to Universal Space/Time

Now "seemingly" empty space, or more accurately "space/time," is a funny thing. First of all, we now know that it is anything but "empty" as Einstein's Relativity would have us believe. That's a whole other subject though. With respect to the present discussion, another issue is that it doesn't seem to like it when electrically charged particles (electrons) try to move through it... like when electrical current tries to flow through a wire.

The fact is, electrical current flow cannot change (i.e., start or stop) instantly, but takes a certain amount of time to reach its maximum, final value of flow-rate. Please keep in mind that throughout this discussion we are always referring to the RATE at which current flows (amount over time)... not how MUCH (as in bulk quantity). Furthermore, the other main point is the CHANGE of the flow-rate. In other words, is the flow speeding up or slowing down over time, much the same as an automobile might speed up or slow down? Another term for such change is "Acceleration."

You see, the instant an electrical current begins to flow in a wire, via a type of "inertial lag" the local space/time surrounding the wire tends to resist that change of charged particle motion (in this case negatively charged electrons), and the result of that "resistance" manifests as a magnetic field that begins to form around and down the length of the wire. It's all sort of like a "tug of war" between the electrical "tension" (voltage) between one end of the wire and the other either increasing or decreasing, and thereby trying to increase or decrease the rate at which it is "pulling" (or pushing, if you prefer) the electrons through the wire... and the local space/time surrounding the wire resisting that change, with the apparent effect of a reverse force trying to prevent the current flow from speeding up or slowing down.

In actuality, as they attempt to move through it, the charged electrons that make up the current flow are essentially upsetting and/or deforming the electrostatic or "dielectric balance" of the local space/time and thereby "warping" it. Therefore, the so-called "magnetic field" that we end up observing is actually a type of "warp-field", so to speak. This warp-field represents the altered alignment of the "electric dipole moments" from their otherwise random orientation.

As they are attracted towards the electron as it approaches and then moves past them, they rotate as if to follow the electrons on their trajectory like bystanders watching a passing train and turning their heads to follow it. Please keep in mind that the distances involved in the above process are at the smallest levels of space/time as defined by the "Planck Constant."

It gets a bit complicated, but when there are no charged particles (electrons, protons or other more "exotic" particles that carry electrical charge) present within a given area of space/time, there are essentially no so-called dielectric lines of force either. Rather, locked at each and every point of 3-D space that is equivalent in size to the distance as defined by the Planck Constant, there exists what is referred to a an electric dipole moment that is randomly rotating about its center-point like a free-wheeling, "3-axis "gimbal."

The key here is that these dipole moments are locked or "pinned" in their 3-D positions as part of the fundamental fabric of space/time. The other qualities of time and space are also anchored to and reside in the same location, such that their center-point occupies the same 3-dimensional position as that of the electric dipole moment. The total combined quanta or ("particle" if you will) of space/time then takes the form of a 9-axis gimbal, with the electric dipole moment portion thereof existing at the outermost level... somewhat similar to the outermost electron shell about an atom.

Seeing that the electric dipole moment resides at the outermost level of space/time quanta, it becomes the strongest of the 4 known forces that are experienced in the macro-world. The next 3-axis shell or "gimbal" within governs the Strong Nuclear Force and is comprised of a 3-element or 3-phase "multi-pole," with the angle of each pole positioned 120 degrees apart from the other two. Their arrangement is somewhat similar to the three terminals of a 3-phase electrical power system wherein each individual "phase" does not manifest as an absolute polarity as is the case of the electric dipole moment (+ & -), but rather each phase is relative to and can only be taken with respect to one of the other two remaining phases/poles.

In any case, this 3-pole shell/gimbal is unstable alone and always seeks to unite with at least one (think "leptons" like the electron) or more (think "quarks"). Hence, the Strong Nuclear Force. By the way, 3 x 6 = 18 and 2 x 9 = 18. There are 2 x 3 = 6 types of leptons, 3 x 6 = 18 types of quarks and 2 types of charges (negative & positive). Hmm... In addition, this 3-pole arrangement and its natural attraction to those of all other space-time quanta results in the force of "inertial drag" on particles of matter passing through the space/time quanta field, with the sum-total of this attractive force self-cancelling due to an equilibrium of attractive force being manifest by all other quanta distributed radially from the particle in 3-D space. This then leads to what "appears" to be physical mass and all associated Newtonian inertial effects and interactions. In essence, this attractive force represents what has been called the "Higgs Field," which is said to impart the property of mass to particles of matter as they pass through it.

Fortunately, due to the "Shielding Effect" exhibited by their outermost electric dipole moment shell/gimbal, quanta of space/time do not easily bind together nor do they with other particles of mass. Rather, in order to do so they must overcome the "Coulomb Barriers" that exist between their own electric dipole moment and that of any other quanta or particles that they might bind with. While it is possible because otherwise matter could not exist, the energy required is extremely large and represents the amount needed to achieve "Nuclear Fusion." Were this not the case, then the universe of all space/time quanta and massive particles would simply collapse together upon themselves into a single mass, and ultimately back into a "Singularity."

Finally, the innermost 3-axis shell is comprised of a 4 element multi-pole that governs the flow of time; with what we call physical "space" being the outwardly observable manifestation thereof. In the multi-pole model time & space are two vectors that are always 90 degrees apart from each other and linked such that their magnitudes increase or decrease in unison as though they were one. Gravity then becomes a resultant vector of the two that exhibits an inverse change in magnitude with respect to them. In a sense "space" is Creation's way of keeping everything from happening at once by creating different locations apart from each other in space where events can "happen."

That's also why at the center of a Black Hole there exists a "Singularity" where there is no space to separate events and everything becomes one. In the Singularity the vector representing the flow of time goes to "zero" and therefore so does the vector of space, with the resulting sum vector of the two being gravity going to infinity. Einstein was close. Gravity is merely the resultant vector of time and space that follows an inverted or "negative" version of the "Inverse-square Law," and therefore simply "appears" to be a warp-field in space that is being caused by the presence of mass.

In a sense that is true, but only because the flow of time-energy is being diverted into sustaining the ongoing existence of matter such that no space is being created and thus, there is no apparent repulsive force to keep bodies of mass separated. in the absence of sufficient "space pressure" to keep massive bodies apart, the mutual attraction between the center 3-element shell/gimbals of space/time quanta that lies at the heart of all mass tends to draw massive bodies together. Again, due to the shielding effect of the outer electric dipole moment of each space/time quanta, the force of said attraction is relatively weak and is the reason gravity manifests as a much weaker force compared to that of electromagnetism.

In essence, space is nothing more than an outwardly observable manifestation of time as described by the "Lorentz transformation." Following, gravity is due to nothing more than an insufficiency of "apparent pressure" that arises from "space-creation" to overcome the shielded attraction of the Strong Nuclear Force.

In summery, a quanta of space/time is comprised of 9 nested levels, with the center-point thereof being the 10th innermost level. Likewise, there are 9 total nested poles in the order of 2, 3 & 4, 1, starting from the outermost electric dipole moment/shell moving inward to the center-point. This center-point is actually a dipole with one half thereof (the positive pole) residing on our side or reality, as if it were "poking" one end through to our side of the universe and appearing as a monopole. Altogether, the above make for 10 total in-folded poles or dimensions that form every quanta of space/time and represent and form all of the observed forces of nature.

The 10th level/pole is actually a portal to the other dimension from which time-energy continually springs forth like an eternal fountain, setting the outer "gimbals" of space/time quanta in motion and sustaining their existence from Planck-Moment to Planck-Moment in space/time, thereby creating & continually sustaining the universe. The vector of time in the third innermost shell/gimbal always points radially outward from this center-point, with the positive pole thereof fixed and residing on our side of reality. From there it either diverges into a plane 90 degrees perpendicular to its primary vector and transforms into the orthogonal vector we observe as space, or it continues onward along its original radial vector from the center monopole and on into the other two shell/gimbals... again diverging at 90 degrees and thereby forming the next set of 3-axis shell/gimbals accordingly.

As an interesting consequence, this is why only "positive time" (from the past to the future) is ever observed in our reality, as the negative pole representing the other half of the central time-energy dipole "portal" always points back into the other unknown dimension and cannot be observed on our side of reality. Furthermore, the dipole moment representing physical space is always rotating due to the original vortex action of this apparent monopole source from which time-energy springs forth. As a result the two poles essentially cancel, thereby imparting resulting space with a "net neutral" charge such that it is neither attracted to or repulsed from other quanta of space-time. In other words, there is no such thing as "negative space" nor can there be.

In addition, the vector of space continues to grow in magnitude seeing that the time-energy comprising it is not being diverted and used to sustain the existence of matter that forms as a result of the middle 3-pole shell/gimbal interactions. Therefore, in the absence of any need to maintain the ongoing existence of matter, all time-energy is free to flow instead into the orthogonal vector representing physical space and drives the ongoing increase in magnitude thereof.

In essence, if it is not being used to create some particle of physical matter, time-energy is instead converted into what we call the "vacuum of space" causing it to continually expand, with the effect thereof being the outwardly observed continual expansion of the universe. This then is the source of what has been called "Dark Energy," and is the force driving the observed acceleration of universal expansion. This is because ALL points of space/time quanta are expanding in radius simultaneously, with the effect of only "seeming" to appear as a "constant force" or outward pressure acting on all massive bodies, pushing them further apart at an ever increasing rate. This action obeys the basic laws of acceleration in the form of...

### Force (constant) / Mass = Acceleration

,,, and therefore is further evidence to the accuracy of this hypothetical model.

Continuing, it is through the 10th inner dipole that time/energy continues to flow into our universe in the form of a double-ended vortex. From the "other dimension" time-energy spirals down and into the vortex "pinch-point" representing the apparent monopole portal, and on our side of reality from the portal flowing outward as if it were a type of "White Hole" (the opposite of a Black Hole), with time-energy spiraling radially "upward" in all directions simultaneously into the universe and manifesting as the 3-nested and rotating multi-pole moments... with the outermost being the electric dipole moment of our primary discussion. The other two drive either the ongoing sustenance of physical matter via translational motion (matter/heat/work) THROUGH the universal field of space/time quanta, or the expansion of all quanta and therefore the universe by transforming time-energy into physical SPACE - in sum, creating all observable aspects of our physical reality.

BTW - Please take note of the "Time/Energy" reference. From the most basic level of our physical universe to every form and scale manifest within it, the POWER required to do WORK is a function of nothing more than Time & Energy. WORK is motion. Work is transformative. Work is LIFE. In other words, it is the very "Power of Creation and Life itself" in the form of the ongoing moment-by-moment sustenance of reality, springing forth like a fountain from within the heart of every quanta of reality.

In any case, regarding the dielectric force, when a charged particle enters the local vicinity of an electric dipole moment, dielectric tension forms between it and the nearest local dipole moments. Actually, the scale is so incredibly small that the particle is literally moving from one dipole moment to the next because individually, the dipole moments represent a quanta of space/time that the particle is passing through. Seeing that opposite charges attract, via rotation about their center-points the electric dipole moments re-orientate themselves into alignment with the particle, such that the charge of the dipole moment opposite that of the invading particle points towards the particle. In essence, the commonly referred to dielectric lines of force are to are actually a continuous series of electric dipole moments aligned end-to-end extending out through space.

Again, opposites attract. Once the dipole moments become fully aligned with the particle, the strength of the tensional force that develops between them and the charged particle is at its greatest. This is virtually identical to how permanent bar magnets will line up North-to-South and end-to-end when two or more are bought together in close proximity. In any case, these electric dipole moments impart upon space/time the ability to interact with charged particles of either polarity by simply flipping or rotating such that either their + or - charge faces the oppositely charged particle.

Now we will consider the instant in time that dielectric tension develops between a given dipole moment and a charged particle (our electron). Seeing that the dipole moment is locked into its position within the fabric of local space/time and cannot move, but is able to rotate in any direction, the "Least Action" path to relieve the tension would be for the unbound charged particle to move closer towards the dipole moment; hence - the attractive nature of the tensional force. Nevertheless, it does not do so because it has an equal amount of force being applied to it from all directions by all other dipole moments within 3-D space that are in contact with it, which cancels the attraction. So the charged particle remains on its original translational vector (trajectory)  through space/time. In other words, it just continues on its original path.

### A Temporary Diversion of Thought - the electric dipole moment and space/time:

As an ancillary point, these electric dipole moments are NOT particles such that they have any mass. At best one could say they are "virtual" particles anchored to a given point in 3-D space/time, but even then unlike true particles of mass they are not free to "wonder about" in space. That's because they ARE space, or rather, one "attribute" of space that gives rise to the phenomenon of electrical charge. Were it not for this attribute of space/time, and yet, charged particles were somehow still able to exist, all charged matter would eventually accumulate into a single neutral mass.

As a result there would be no chemical bonds and therefore no molecules so no chemical compounds of any kind, no ionic matter so no stars made of plasma, no planets - no LIFE. The universe would cease to exist as we know it. In fact, assuming what we call "gravitation" were to remain in effect, all matter would quickly collapse into a massive "black hole" and that would be the sum-total of the universe - As previously discussed, a thing physics calls a "singularity" where all time, space and matter fuse together to become "one."

So it is that the electric dipole moments of space/time function in two parts:

First, they are responsible for maintaining a universal balance in the separation vs. binding action of charged masses, which allows for the existence of particle-to-particle electrical interaction and attraction - the building-block of creation.

Second, these same electric dipole moments are the "medium of space/time" through which light and other forms of EM radiation are able to propagate from one point to another in 3-D space. Furthermore, as each dipole moment reacts to the next, the amount of time it takes for these electric dipole moments to change the angle of their otherwise random orientation as they spin about their central "pivot-point" represents a form of "lag," and it is this "lag-time" that is fundamental in establishing the "Speed of Light" as the upper velocity threshold of Transverse-Wave EM radiation.

As a T-wave propagates through the matrix of interlocking dipole moments comprising space/time, the dipole moments rotate like an infinite array of interlocking gears. The electric dipole moments must alternately rotate in a circular motion, from one to the next, in opposite directions to their adjacent dipole moments on either side of the line they form and in synchrony with the cyclically changing vector of the transverse EM wave. In so doing they must also line up in the same plane, which then becomes the dielectric plane of polarization that light and all EM transverse-wave radiation is known to exhibit. Furthermore, these "alternating wheels" of dielectric motion equally support other types of polarization, such as "Circular Polarization."

Supporting Evidence:

• In his General Relativity Einstein postulated that the speed of light, with respect to any inertial frame, is a constant and is independent of the motion of the light source. In agreement with General Relativity, the interlocking "gear-works" of the electric dipole matrix comprising the EM component of space/time is not affected by the motion of the EM T-wave source, as the lag-time the matrix exhibits is a universal constant and cannot change in response to matter passing through space/time. Rather, the electron motion of the source that gives rise to T-wave emission will only appear "frequency-shifted" (as in Doppler Shift), with an increase in frequency as the source is approaching a given dipole moment and decreasing as it moves away. This effect is well-documented in the "Redshift" exhibited by celestial objects as they move away from earth at high velocity as a consequence of universal expansion.

• The speed of light decreases in any other medium other than that of free space, whether it be air, water, glass or any other transparent form of matter. Well, the space/time within these mediums is "condensed" (warped) due to the presence of the mass that makes up the matter they are composed of. That being the case, the dipole moments are already pre-aligned to the electrons in the vicinity that are part of the atoms that make up the material of the medium. Therefore, the tension thereof acts as a type of "mass" with an associated inertia that creates even more lag as the dielectric moments attempt to re-align with the incoming EM wave. That increased "lag-time" then represents the slower speed at which the light wave is able to traverse the span of the the transparent (we will say "glass") medium. That's also why the light wave regains its former velocity once it emerges from the transparent medium back into the medium of the vacuum or that of the less dense medium (we'll say "air") it had previously traveled through before entering the glass.

• A "gradient" develops when the first dielectric force from other charged particles begin to apply tension.  This extremes of this gradient are represented by two maxima, ranging from full repulsion to full attraction and with the total strength thereof being a function of the distance to the charged particle and the integral of those extremes. Therefore, there eventually becomes a sufficiently great enough distance between the dipole moment and a given charged particle where the particle is not able to exert enough tensional force to cause the dipole moment to change the vector of its orientation so as to face the particle directly.

In the the hypothetical case where there is only one charged particle (say a negatively charged electron) in the entire universe and being located in the center thereof, all electric dipole moments throughout the universe would realign on their center-points such that their positively charged sides were all pointing towards the electron, while their negatively charges sides would point radially out into and towards the outer limits of space/time, and do so in a fashion virtually identical to that of the rays of light as they radiate outward into space from a single star.

Likewise, in the case of only two particles of the same charge existing and being separated by a given distance from a dipole moment situated at the "theoretically exact" midpoint between them, in a state of "frustration" the dipole moment will begin to spin about its central pivot-point, with it's charged ends alternately facing one particle then the other. The result would be a point of "neutral" charge in that region of space. One can observe a similar effect when two magnets in opposing alignment are brought near to one another. In that case there will always be one point in space located at the exact midpoint between them, and there one will observe a total cancellation of their magnetic fields.

You see,  there will always be other charged particles somewhere else in space-time exerting their tensional force on the same dipole moment. Likewise, there will always be a (so to speak) "tug of war" continually taking place between the sum total of all charged particle in the universe and a given dipole moment, wherein that particle nearest to the dipole moment will "win the war," causing the dipole moment to face it, as opposed to all others.

This effect then gives rise to the gradient we observe in the macro-world where dielectric lines of force seem to emanate from a charged particle or object and diverge and diffuse outward into space, with the strength thereof decreasing with distance from the charged particle. In fact, the decrease in attractive or repulsive force follows what is known as the "Inverse Square Law" wherein it decreases by a factor of (4) for every doubling of the distance.

• With respect to light waves, the "photons" thereof traverse along this series of end-to-end aligned electric dipole moments almost as if they were small cars on a roller-coaster track... traversing up and down following the track and "sliding along" as if there was no friction between their wheels and the track they are riding on. This is because the track (the path of the light wave) is made up of "wheels" (dipole moments) that are spinning in unison with the frequency of the wave in alternating rotational directions, thereby creating a frictionless path for the waves to follow while also being directed to align with the wave as it travels forward on its original trajectory.

The interlocking force between one electric dipole moments and the next is not as "infinite" as it may seem from the illustration above, but rather, the force is "limited" in that each dipole moment is able to "slip" a bit with respect to any adjoining one. This "slippage" is due to the inertial mass of the dipole moment and the energy of its rotation. Although, seeing that the dipole moment has no fundamental mass of its own, its inertial energy is very small as it is a function of the slight tension of all nearby dipole moments acting upon it. Therefore, in a very short period of time the dipole moment can easily change the axis of its rotation and/or slow down to track an incoming Transverse EM wave... or even come to a complete stop in order to align directly at a charged particle of mass.

Nevertheless, there will always be a certain amount of delay or "lag-time" involved in the process of a dipole moment changing its momentum. As a result, the minimum of that lag-time represents the maximum speed at which transverse dielectric energy can be relayed through the vacuum of space/time, and therefore becomes the limiting threshold for the Speed of Light. Please note that the minimum lag-time / maximum speed of light is in the case when there are no other nearby particles of mass, such as that of a vacuum.

In fact, the above only holds true for the vacuum. When other particles of mass are present, their effect is to warp time and thereby reduce the space between themselves as well as condensing the dipole moments closer together. Essentially, space, time and matter become "condensed" when compared to the conditions of a vacuum. As a result, some (if not most) of these nearer particles will have an electrical charge that will then create even greater tension on all electric dipole moments in the vicinity. That greater tension will then result in greater inertial mass of the dipole moments, thus increasing their lag-time. As a result, the speed at which transverse dielectric energy can be translated through the dipole matrix is reduced as compared to that of the vacuum. Hence, this is why the speed of light is reduced as it passes through any other medium other than the vacuum as well.

• The above is WHY light appears to be both a wave and a point-particle at the same time. Hence, this model is also in agreement with the "Wave–particle duality" nature that light has been shown to exhibit. As such, photons represent nothing more then the vibrational energy of the electron that emitted them, traveling off into space via the "tracks" of the dipole moments and in the same plane as the electrons that emitted them. In that, the photons require no end or "termination point" as the "vibrating string" model suggests. Rather, the vector in which they are first emitted from their associated electron establishes their trajectory from that point forward.

This is as if our photon is the the little "car" in our roller-coaster example that first sets out in a certain direction, and then starts laying down the track (the electric dipole moments of space/time) ahead of itself in a straight line from there on out to infinity... or until it "bumps" into another "little car" (electron) that can absorb it, OR... the very space/time itself that the wave is passing through is warped due to the presence of mass, causing it to change directions. Irrespective of its translational vector through space/time though, from an "end-on" view the photon looks to be an approaching point particle, and from any other orthogonal view it appears to be a wave traveling perpendicular to the view of the observer.

• The energy of the photon in motion is the equivalent of an electron of the same vibrational energy and carrying the same electrical charge that is simply distributed linearly along the path of its trajectory. As such, as it travels it too distorts or "warps" the dielectric equilibrium of the local field of electric dipole moments around it in the same fashion as an electron in motion.  Therefore, the photon also appears to generate an alternating magnetic field that is 90 degrees orthogonal to the path of its motion and the plane of the dielectric field it generates, just as the standard model of EM transverse wave transmission suggests.
• "Quantum entanglement" is explained by the fact that for a given pair of entangled particles (say, two electrons), the least-distance span of the space between them is "bridged" by a series-string of electric dipole moments that are aligned end-to-end similar to the stationary charged particle condition outlined previously. As such, just as any two adjoining dipole moments, their spins will be opposite of each other and any external force applied to one electron will be instantaneously transferred to the other without delay, not being limited by the speed of light. This instantaneous transfer of force or "information" is the result of "Longitudinal EM wave" propagation as discussed below.

### The above model of the universal, dynamic aether is now mostly complete, and up to this point in total agreement with essentially all scientific observations.

As an interesting theoretical byproduct of this action, if one were to prefer a "faster than light" method of communication, then they won't to use Transverse EM Waves to encode and transmit information. Instead, use Longitudinal" EM waves (often referred to as "Scalar Waves") because they do not require the electric dipole moments to "waste time" in the form of the "lag time" that it takes for each successive dipole moment down the line to react and reorient itself to the rotational action and direction of the one preceding it.

Instead, Scalar EM waves propagate as compressions and rarefactions of the dielectric tension that links one electric dipole moment to the next. Due to their near infinitely-close proximity to each other, the amount of dielectric tension between adjacent electric dipole moments in linear alignment is nearly infinite as well.

As a good analogy, think of how "rigidly bound" together a series string of permanent bar-magnets become when placed end-to-end in attractive alignment. When pushed or pulled from one end, the string of magnets move "as one," with the pushing or pulling force being instantaneously transferred to the other end of the string. Similarly, a line formed by a series of electric dipole moments aligned end-to-end with opposite charges attracting and extending through space/time represents a total line of force of near infinite "rigidity." Therefore, Scalar wave energy can be transmitted through them with virtually no loss and near infinite velocity. If you don't believe us, just as Nikola Tesla the next time you see him. He'll tell ya :-)

### Back to Our Original Discussion:

Therefore, being a dimensional aspect OF space (NOT "IN" space) itself, the "little" electric dipole moments making up space/time cannot simply "move about" of their own accord through space. If they could, then that would be the equivalent of "space moving through space," which is totally irrational. Rather, they simply rotate upon their central axis, such that their pole that is opposite in polarity to that of the nearest charged particle points towards that particle. When a given charged particle moves through the field of space/time quanta it displaces the quanta to its sides, orthogonal to the direction of its path. This is not unlike a submarine passing though water displaces the molecules that make up the water, and occurs whenever a charged particle (re: electron) is undergoing any form of translational motion through space/time.

Upon closer analysis it becomes easy to see that this "sideways" displacement of space/time quanta and its associated electric dipole moments will result in a type of "compression" thereof and, due to the alignment of said dipoles, will also result in the transmission of longitudinal EM waves as described in the previous section. One should take note of this because such longitudinal wave transmissions were described by Maxwell in his seminal EM Theory, but most of modern electrical engineering since the days of Tesla seems to have all but forgotten this aspect, and has foolishly dispensed with it as being inconsequential and of little practical value - much to the loss of all mankind.

### Inductance is the Reverse-Pressure of Space/Time:

The "reverse-pressure" that space/time exerts upon the motion of charged electrons (or any other charged particle) passing through it can be measured and assigned a value, with "Magnetic Inductance" the name thereof having been credited to it its discoverer Michael Faraday.

The cornerstone of our discussion here is that the property of inductance is to resist any CHANGE in the physical RATE of motion, commonly referred to again as the "Acceleration" of a charged particle... whether its acceleration is function of increasing (going faster) or decreasing (slowing down) over time.

So the KEY POINT in all of this is that for a fixed value of inductance, the faster current tries to change in a wire (i.e., the greater the acceleration thereof), whether it be an INCREASE or DECREASE in the value thereof, the greater the reverse-pressure becomes that space/time exerts upon that attempted change in motion. The entire action/reaction sequence is therefore fundamentally based and dependent upon the parameter of acceleration. In fact, the entire process has a direct counterpart with respect to the motion ofall physical matter - with or without electrical charge -  through space/time and is the property we all know as "Inertia."

As a matter of fact, the two properties of Inductance and Inertia are essentially the same thing being applied to different dimensional aspects of universal space/time, and are both governed by Newton's First Law of Motion.

OK... let's try this one: Electrons are all little "cars" of the exact same size and weight, rolling down a highway (wire). The "pressure" or voltage pushing the electrons down the wire is the force of the car engine running at a fixed speed propelling the car down the road at a fixed speed. To go faster you have to step on the gas peddle to increase the force of the engine to overcome the car's inertia, because due to inertia the car wants to remain at the same speed. Similarly, for the amount of current that is flowing through the wire to increase, you have to apply more voltage.

Now, when you do the opposite and try to stop the car you have to hit the brakes because its inertia tends to try and keep the car going at the same speed. The brakes absorb the energy stored in the car's inertia as a function of the car's mass times its speed (velocity), and turns that energy into waste heat. The energy of the inertia doesn't just "disappear" though, it is simply being converted from the energy of motion into heat energy... whether or not we are able to make any further good use of that heat.

So too does inductance, like inertia, attempt to keep the current flowing, even when the voltage driving the current goes to zero. It does this by "dumping" the energy previously stored as the tension of the local space/time magnetic "warp field" surrounding the wire. The process of M-field collapse is evidence of the local dielectric field of space/time returning to its normal state...  as when there are no charged particles passing through it.The outward effect of this is that the magnetic field begins to collapse and continues to do so as the current flow in the wire continues to return to zero. Only when the direction (vector) of the current flow has finally returned to zero will the magnetic field have totally collapsed. Once that occurs, if the current continues to flow in the same reverse direction, a new magnetic field will begin to form in exactly the same way as before, except that now the direction that the field flows around the wire will reverse too. And so on. Make sense"?

### BTW:

Just in case you were wondering, there is NO MAGNETIC FORCE - Nope... NO MAGNETISM... IT'S ALL AN "ILLUSION." THE UNIVERSE IS ELECTRIC - "ONLY ELECTRIC." There are no "magnetic monopoles"... none of that crap. Sorry.

The "Magnetic Lines of Force" that we have all heard of and that causes little iron filings to form curves on a piece of paper when the filings are on top and a magnet below... are nothing more than those electric dipole moments of the local space/time that happen to rotate on their center-point axis in alignment parallel to the path of the moving electron. In a sense, the cumulative vectors of the dipole moments are "warped" into pointing towards the same path as if they were following the electron, and in so doing they form what appears to be linear "streams" or Lines of Force.

Seeing that the dipole moments that make up these streams are now all in the same alignment from end-to-end like a series of little bar magnets in attractive mode, adjacent streams are now in repulsion to each other. Therefore, as their distance from the electron becomes greater they begin to diverge from one another to a point of equilibrium where their mutual repulsion overcomes their attraction to the electron, with greater angles of diversion as the distance increases.

In the macro-world of human observation the streams of dipole moments appear to group together forming what we call Magnetic Lines of Force, with density gradients forming orthogonally between that appear as "nulls" where there are no streams. This is because the dipole moments in those regions have rotated such that their vectors are now pointing opposite that of the dipole moments making up the streams that remain in alignment with the electron. From the first adjacent stream outward orthogonally from those streams that remain in alignment with the electron, the streams alternate their pole alignment such that their summed effect is one wherein they cancel each others' charge, creating what appears to be no streams or lines whatsoever. The net effect is that there appears to be lines of force having a physical diameter that can be seen and measured, with areas between separating them from each other where there appears to be no lines whatsoever. Mystery solved.

The creation of what seems to be a magnetic field is nothing more than the fact that the E-field lines are being stretched like bungee cords and form an elongated spiral or "vortex" path to the electron as it moves away from its previous spatial positions ...  the same as water down a drain or the winds of a tornado. The sum total of those lines of dielectric force then combine to "appear" as the so-called "Magnetic Lines of Force" that we all saw as kids in the classic iron filing experiment at school.

As the stretched E-field lines reach their tensional limits, they suddenly "snap"; abruptly breaking their connection away from the electron. In so doing, the energy of that dielectric is now released and converted back into an ELECTRICAL DIPOLE TENSION within the electrical circuit (wire). This new dipole tension acts perpendicular to the vector of the original collapsed dielectric field line and manifests as a series force upon the free-electrons in that area of the wire... INDUCING them to flow along in the same direction as the initial current.

We call that force "voltage," and in this particular situation, the induced voltage is of the same polarity as that of the original voltage that started the whole process and drove the initial current through the wire in the first place. As a result, it works to continue driving those free-electrons in the same direction as those that made up the original current... and so forth... and son on... or sort-a like that anyway :-)

Actually, it's quite a bit more complicated than that. DUH.

Don't worry about the deeper theoretical stuff though (mainly because we could be wrong :-)) The main idea is that we understand that Inductance is like Inertia... it tends to keep things moving at the same speed and in the same direction. That means that just just as in the case of a locomotive compared to a race car, the locomotive can do a lot more work, but it sure can't change directions very easily or fast.

Similarly, a high inductance piece of wire may be able to carry a lot of current, but its not going to let that current stop or change directions without creating a lot of extra voltage in the process -  a voltage that tries to keep the current moving along just as it was. That means "no stopping" and certainly "no changing directions," as if somehow it were possible to actually prevent either of them.  Oh... in the case of a large inductance and a lot of current, that voltage can get very high and potentially dangerous - a lot higher than the voltage that started it all, that's for sure. Hmm... As we said,